Research Papers (english)

  • Do Insiders Get Abnormal Returns? Event Studies on the Trades of Insiders of the Firms with Differentiated Corporate Governance of the São Paulo Stock

    The subject insider trading is controversial. This paper presents series of event studies carried through on the trades with stocks of the firm carried by insiders with the objective to detect abnormal returns, based on the access to privileged information. The sample is composed by trades performed by insiders of the companies with stocks negotiated in the São Paulo Stock Exchange, that are classified as firms with differentiated corporate governance. Indication that trades performed by insiders resulted in abnormal returns compared to the statistically significant expected ones, as in the purchases of common shares; or for selling of preferred stocks.

  • Asymmetric Preferences in Investment Decisions in the Brazilian Financial Market

    The main objective of this article is to test the hypothesis that utility preferences that incorporate asymmetric reactions between gains and losses generate better results than the classic Von Neumann-Morgenstern utility functions in the Brazilian market. The asymmetric behavior can be computed through the introduction of a disappointment (or loss) aversion coefficient in the classical expected utility function, which increases the impact of losses against gains. The results generated by both traditional and loss aversion utility functions are compared with real data from the Brazilian market regarding stock market participation in the investment portfolio of pension funds and individual investors.

  • Options Listing and the Volatility of the Underlying Asset: A Study on the Derivative Market Function

    There is a lot of misunderstanding about derivative markets. Many people believes that they are a kind of casinos and have no utility to the investors. This work looks on the effects of options introduction in the Brazilian market, seeking for another benefit for this introduction: changes in the stocks risk level due to this introduction. Our results are the same found in the US and other markets: the options introduction reduces the stocks volatility. We also found that there is a slight indication that the volatility became more stochastic with this introduction.

  • The Influence of the Tag-Along Rights in the Value of Companies: An Event Study of the Effects on the Market and Service Companies

    The aim of this work is to check the effect of granting tag-along rights to stockholders by analyzing the behavior of the return of the stock. To do so we carried out event studies for a group of 21 company stocks, divided into service provider companies and others, who granted this right to their stockholders after Law 10,303 was passed in October, 2001. In the test we used two models for estimating abnormal returns: adjusted to the market and adjusted to the risk and market. The results of the tests we carried out based on these models did not capture abnormal returns (surpluses), telling us that the tag-along rights did not affect the pattern of daily returns of the stocks of companies traded on BOVESPA (The Sao Paulo Stock Exchange). We did not expect this result because of the new corporate governance practices adopted by companies in Brazil.